Ten projects funded with SIPMC IPM Enhancement Grant

Ten projects totaling $295,773 will examine various pest management issues in the South, funded by IPM Enhancement Grants from the Southern IPM Center. Projects include agricultural pest management issues such as wireworms in sweet potatoes and spotted wing drosophila, nursery pest management issues in shrub production, and urban pest management issues in schools and rain gardens. The following includes this year’s funded IPM Enhancement Grants:

Working Group Projects

Organize and set priorities for a Southern region tawny crazy ant working group

PD: Lawrence C. “Fudd” Graham, $10,000

The group will evaluate the current pest status of the tawny crazy ant and establish extension, research and regulatory priorities for integrated management of this pest. The group will track the spread of the pest.

Quantifying the financial costs and benefits of school IPM: a collaborative workgroup project

PD: Janet Hurley, $39,997

This Existing Workgroup plans to conduct team building output based research activity to address several school IPM priorities as they relate to the costs associated with implementing an IPM program in public school systems.

IPM for Shrubs in Southeastern U.S. Nursery Production (Vol. II)

PD: Matthew Chappell, $39,983

The SNIPM Working Group (SNIPM), through this proposed project, aims to educate commercial growers, landscape professionals and county Extension agents on systems-based approaches to pest management in five grower-identified, economically important ornamental plant genera by creating a comprehensive IPM guide for each genus.

Special projects

Pest risk assessment and IPM tactics to monitor and control wireworms for North Florida sweet potato growers

PD: Norm Leppla, $29,998

This project will identify the farms in North Florida where sweet potato is or will be grown in the near future and establish a network to update the number of farms, acres planted, sweet potato yields, and level of damage due to wireworms. The project will also examine sampling and risk.

Novel Alphitobius diaperinus Control Strategies — Diatomaceous Earth and Beauveria bassiana

PD: Nancy Hinkle, $29,998

Worldwide, Alphitobius diaperinus (the lesser mealworm) is the most significant pest in broiler production and is resistant to all chemical classes registered for use against them. Laboratory studies have shown that Beauveria bassiana has some efficacy against Alphitobius; this project will determine if diatomaceous earth can potentiate B. bassiana activity for Alphitobius.

A new approach that may reduce reliance on pesticides for the production of high-quality peaches in the Southeast

PD: Juan Carlos Melgar, $29,996

Individual fruit bagging has potential for both conventional and organic fruit production to control pests and diseases while reducing drastically the need for pesticide applications under the conditions of the Southeast. This study could add a yet unexplored but potentially powerful component to our existing IPM practices for conventional and organic fruit production.

Frequency of Known and Possible New Viruses Infecting Wheat in Oklahoma

PD: Ali Akhtar, $29,999

Information obtained in this project will impact our awareness and knowledge about viruses infecting wheat in Oklahoma, which could be used in future management strategies against viruses in wheat.

IPM research-based recommendations for viral mosaic disease in turfgrass

PD: Philip F. Harmon, $28,572

The PDs propose to mechanically inoculate commercially-available cultivars of St. Augustine grass with SCMV and to quantify host resistance. These data will help inform recommendations for alternative turf choices in affected lawns and develop an Integrated Pest Management resource for viral diseases of lawns.

Survey of Pest Populations and Management Practices in Rain Gardens

PD: Helen Kraus, $30,000

This project proposes to document pest and weed populations as well as pest management practices in professionally designed and installed rain gardens in NC and VA. These data will provide the information required to better prioritize research and educational programs for rain garden installation and management.

Evaluation of Extremely Low-Frequency Magnetic Field as an IPM Tool for Spotted Wing Drosophila

PD: Ashfaq Sial, $29,999

Current control strategies of SWD involve insecticides. This project will explore using electromagnetic fields. This project will develop apparatus to generate controllable electromagnetic field, evaluate its lethal and sublethal effects on SWD, and disseminate results to stakeholders.

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