Effective immediately, the USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) is amending the Federal Order restricting U.S. imports of certain fruits and vegetables from the Dominican Republic to add Distrito Nacional and Santo Domingo to the list of provinces allowed to export Mediterranean fruit fly (Medfly) host material to the United States.
APHIS issued the Federal Order on March 18, 2015, to prevent the introduction of Medfly into the United States by suspending U.S. imports of certain fruit and vegetables from the Dominican Republic. The Federal Order listed the following hosts:
- mamey (sapote)
- tuna (cactus fruit)
*Hass avocadoes and green tomatoes are enterable from restricted areas.
**Commercial shipments of mangoes from the Dominican Republic are enterable under the conditions of the APHIS hot water treatment preclearance program. In addition, the Dominican Republic has met the requirements to allow irradiation of mangoes upon entry to United States. Mangoes must be irradiated at an APHIS-approved U.S. irradiation facility with a minimum absorbed dose of 400 gy and must meet the requirements of 7 CFR parts 305 and 319.
APHIS amended the Federal order on January 7, 2016, allowing the entry of Medfly host material from the provinces of:
- San Cristóbal
- La Vega
- San José de Ocoa
- Maria Trinidad Sanchez
- San Juan
- Monseñor Nouel
- Sánchez Ramírez
- Monte Cristi
- Elías Piña
- Santiago Rodriguez
- Hermanas Mirabal
- Puerto Plata
At the request of the Dominican Republic’s national plant protection organization, APHIS evaluated production practices and medfly trapping and eradication activities in the provinces of Distrito Nacional and Santo Domingo. APHIS determined that they can be added to the list of provinces from which Medfly host material can be shipped to the United States under the following conditions:
- Medfly host material must originate from areas of the Dominican Republic that do not present a risk of introducing Medfly into the United States.
- Medfly host material from non-restricted areas must be moved in exclusionary containers to prevent the contamination.
- Shipments must be inspected and accompanied by a phytosanitary certificate issued by the Dominican Republic’s Ministry of Agriculture indicates the province of origin.