APHIS Establishes a Host List for European Cherry Fruit Fly (Rhagoletis cerasi) and Conditions for Interstate Movement of Regulated Articles in Quarantined Areas

Effective immediately, the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) has developed a host list for European cherry fruit fly (ECFF, Rhagoletis cerasi), and established conditions for the interstate movement of regulated articles from core areas quarantined for ECFF. These conditions include a systems approach to allow the interstate movement of cherry fruit from areas in a half-mile radius of quarantine ECFF detections without methyl bromide fumigation.

This action is required because the current fruit fly host list in the domestic quarantine regulations for fruit flies in 7 CFR 301.32 does not include ECFF hosts. The list is needed to identify ECFF hosts and to prevent the spread of this pest within the United States. Previous APHIS actions related to ECFF did not specify conditions for interstate movement of ECFF hosts from a quarantined area. This action specifies that, with the exception described below, all host articles must be moved in accordance with the conditions for interstate movement of host articles in 7 CFR 301.32-4 and 301.32-5. Continue reading

APHIS Restricts the Entry of European Cherry Fruit Fly (Rhagoletis cerasi) Host Commodities from Canada into the United States

Effective immediately, the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) is implementing restrictions for the importation of European cherry fruit fly (ECFF) host commodities from Canada into the United States. APHIS is taking this action in response to multiple detections of ECFF in the province of Ontario, Canada.

To prevent the introduction of ECFF into the United States, APHIS is prohibiting entry of fresh fruit of the following commodities from Ontario, Canada: black cherry (Prunus serotina), mahaleb cherry (P. mahaleb), sour cherry (P. cerasus), and sweet cherry (P. avium). Wild Prunus spp. and Lonicera spp. fruits are also hosts and therefore prohibited. APHIS is also requiring that imports of these commodities from a Canadian province other than Ontario must have their origin verified.  Origin may be verified by shipping documents (such as bill of lading) or other proof of origin acceptable to APHIS. Continue reading

European Cherry Fruit Fly national pest alert published

The European cherry fruit fly, Rhagoletiscerasi (Linnaeus) (Diptera: Tephritidae), is a new invasive insect to North America. Its first confirmation in North America was in an urban park in Mississauga, Ontario in June 2016. The likely mode of entry was in imported fresh cherries or other host plant material. This pest occurs throughout most of continental Europe and central and western Asia, and is the most economically important pest of sweet cherries in Europe. It exclusively attacks the fruit of host plants.

European cherry fruit fly has not yet been detected in the U.S., although it has been intercepted more than 100 times at U.S. ports of entry (58 interceptions since 2000), with all interceptions occurring on Prunus spp. fruit found in passenger baggage.

For the complete alert click on this link.