Preventing and controlling wireworms

Wireworms are a common cotton pest which feed on germinating seeds and emerging seedlings. Two types of wireworms feed on cotton: true wireworms and false wireworms. True wireworms, commonly called click beetles, are members of the Elateridae family, while false wireworms, or darkling beetles, are from the Tenebrionidae family.

Overwintering larvae inflict the most damage as they become active in the spring. The larvae damage cotton by feeding on the root, hypocotyl (stem of the germinating seedling), and cotyledon (seed leaves) of plants before emerging from the soil. Root feeding can kill plants and reduce plant stand but usually results in stunting. Continue reading

Insect scouting tips for soybean growers

In Southeast Farm Press

by Katie Nichols

For growers working to save soybean crops in the field, Alabama Cooperative Extension System entomologist Dr. Tim Reed has some insect scouting tips.

Cutworms
Cutworms are large, greasy worms that may be difficult to see. These insects burrow into the soil during the day and come to the surface to feed at night. These worms can hide underneath the residue between rows—especially in cover crop residues. Continue reading

University of Florida study helps farmers find best fields for sweet potatoes

Wireworms won’t dampen the spirits of Florida’s sweet potato growers, thanks to ongoing research by scientists at the University of Florida’s Institute of Food and Agriculture Sciences.

Wireworms took center stage in Florida after some major sweet potato growers converted fields previously dedicated to grain crops to the sweet potato crop. Some acreage was initiated by a farm that had actually relocated to Florida after leaving California because of prolonged drought, hopeful to take advantage of Florida’s warm weather, abundant water resources and sandy soil. Continue reading

Ten projects funded with SIPMC IPM Enhancement Grant

Ten projects totaling $295,773 will examine various pest management issues in the South, funded by IPM Enhancement Grants from the Southern IPM Center. Projects include agricultural pest management issues such as wireworms in sweet potatoes and spotted wing drosophila, nursery pest management issues in shrub production, and urban pest management issues in schools and rain gardens. The following includes this year’s funded IPM Enhancement Grants: Continue reading

Start the season off right with at-planting corn insect pest decisions

From Southeast Farm Press

There are many management efforts you can take before your corn seed goes into the ground.

Some of these actions are simply insurance and some of them, like your choice of hybrid, are the best insect management decision choices you’ll make all year.

Here are some things you may want to consider for slugs, sugarcane beetle, wireworms, billbugs, and grubs:

Continue reading