White-Tailed Deer: A Potential Host for Rift Valley Fever

By Sandra Avant, Agricultural Research Service

Rift Valley Fever (RVF), an infectious viral disease, poses a significant threat to livestock and human health in Africa and the Middle East. Although the disease has not reached the United States, a recent study by the Agricultural Research Service (ARS) and Kansas State University (KSU) shows that U.S. white-tailed deer are highly susceptible to the RVF virus (RVFV).

The disease causes significant economic losses due to death and abortion among infected livestock. Cattle, sheep, goats and camels are particularly susceptible to the virus. It can also infect humans through contact with organs, blood or milk of infected animals or from the bites of infected mosquitoes and blood-feeding flies. Continue reading

EPA to Hold October 12, 2018 Meeting on PBPK/PD Models

On October 12, 2018 from 12:00-1:00 PM Eastern Time, EPA will host an external peer review panel to review the potential use of physiologically based pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (PBPK/PD) models in the risk assessments for carbaryl, deltamethrin, and permethrin.

The public can listen to the panel’s meeting via webinar. To register, send an email to naimy.nina@epa.gov. Following the meeting, EPA will accept written comments on the models at www.regulations.gov in each of the chemicals’ registration review dockets for 30 days (carbaryl, EPA-HQ-OPP-2010-0230; deltamethrin, EPA-HQ-OPP-2009-0637; permethrin, EPA-HQ-OPP-2011-0039). The panel’s charge questions and white paper are also available in the dockets. Continue reading

APHIS Publishes Final Rule to Expand Notice-Based Process for Importation and Interstate Movement of Fruits and Vegetables

The U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) is expanding its use of a notice-based process for approving fruits and vegetables for importation into the United States. This will help APHIS achieve USDA’s goal of reducing regulations by eliminating the need for rulemaking to approve fruits and vegetables for import. This action does not in any way compromise the rigor of APHIS’ analysis for potential plant pest risks, nor our safeguarding efforts. Instead, it will streamline procedures and help to reduce the time it takes to approve commodities for entry into the United States. This change will also allow us to focus regulatory resources, which would otherwise be consumed with the lengthy rulemaking process, on other critical priorities. Continue reading

APHIS Seeks Comments on Draft Pest List for June plum from Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines has asked USDA’s Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) to authorize the importation of June plum for consumption into the continental United States, subject to irradiation at an approved U.S. irradiation facility.  APHIS has drafted a pest list that lists potential pests associated with the commodity.

APHIS shares draft pest risk assessments and pest lists to determine whether stakeholders have information that might lead us to revise the draft assessment before we identify pest mitigations and proceed with official regulatory action. Continue reading

2019 IPM Enhancement Grant RFA is available

We are pleased to announce the release of the 2019 Request for Applications (RFA) for the IPM Enhancement Grants. Deadline for proposals is Friday, November 16, 2017 at 5 PM EST. To access the RFA, go to http://bit.ly/2dzqcQZ

The IPM Enhancement Grants Program (IPMEP) is a foundational mechanism used by SIPMC to address important issues affecting the region that has produced many significant outputs and favorable outcomes addressing Global Food Security challenges including invasive species, endangered species, pest resistance, and impacts resulting from regulatory actions. We use a competitive process each year to solicit and select projects for funding. Continue reading

New Frequently Asked Questions on Honeybee Toxicity Testing for Registrants and Contract Laboratories

The Environmental Protection Agency has posted new frequently asked questions for registrants and contract laboratories conducting honeybee toxicity testing. These FAQs are made up of responses to inquiries EPA commonly receives about protocols used to generate honeybee toxicity data for submission in support of pesticide registration. Additionally, these FAQs are meant to complement the Agency’s existing Pollinator Risk Assessment Guidance and increase the transparency and clarity of the risk assessment process.

EPA encourages the regulated community to submit questions not found in the FAQs or risk assessment guidance to opppollinatortesting@epa.gov.

APHIS Posts Updated Federal Domestic Soil Quarantines Map

APHIS updated the Federal Domestic Soil Quarantines Map to include the following changes:

  • Removed the Mediterranean fruit fly (Medfly) quarantine in the Fairfield area of Solano County, California.

Continue reading